HIV: Questions and Answers

Although information about HIV is now accessible to anyone and the internet is full of it, there can never be too much education. People stay surprisingly ignorant towards many important aspects in their lives, including healthcare. This is why, we really need more reminders about the dangers of HIV.

The questions and answers below is relevant information for both the people who faced the problem of HIV in their lives and for those who had never faced it, but want to be aware.

  1. “I have a positive HIV-test result. Could it have been a mistake?” Of course, such a possibility always exists but these cases are very rare. To be sure that the results are true, you should take the test again.
  2. “Does a negative test result mean my partner is not infected?” Unfortunately, it is not always so. If you had a positive result twice, and your partner had a negative one, he or she needs to take it once again. Production of antibodies may take up to six months time after the infection, so any STD testing must be repeated.
  3. “Does HIV and AIDS mean the same condition?” It is a very widely spread mistake. If treated and controlled, HIVs will never develop into AIDS.
  4. “Will I die” Everyone will but how soon – it all depends on us. If you control your disease, take the antiretroviral therapy and are attentive to your health, than there are more chances for you to die in a car accident than from HIV.
  5. “When should I start treatment?” Right now, the earlier – the better. Even without any symptoms, infection ruins your immunity. An early start of treatment means a reduced viral attack which makes the disease less contagious.
  6. “If I have HIV, does it mean I should be banned from having sex?” Of course not. Leading a regular sexual life is useful for a human body, but proper protection is an absolute must.
  7. “Can the virus be transferred during the oral sex?” The chances are small but still exist. Ejaculation is the dangerous point here; try to avoid contact with your partner during that moment. There is also a chance of transferring the virus during cunnilingus, if the female partner is infected and menstruating.
  8. “Will HPV be a problem if I will need surgery?” It will not but it is better to reveal your diagnosis to the doctors to make them aware about the possible risks.
  9. “Can anti-HIV medications interfere with my birth control pills?” Yes, they can but there are medications that are compatible with hormonal pills. Consult with your doctor about which ones are best for you.
  10. “Can I be rejected because of my HIV-positive status if I need medical help?” There is a law that forbids depriving you from medical help in such situations. You have the right to conceal your diagnosis but it is better to be open about it. Besides, emergency doctors need additional protection while working with a HIV-infected patient, so it is important to inform them about it.

HIV is not a death sentence. It is a special condition that requires constant control and attention. With proper treatment, you can live a long and happy life. Everything will depend on your lifestyle choices.

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