Life in a big city is always a desire to attain success. You want to be the best in your business, earn more, and always be socially active. But you often forget that you sometimes need to relax and rest. In addition to this, heavy traffic and bad environmental conditions may lead to serious diseases, including mental disorders. Let’s find out which mental diseases may occur in citizens of big cities.
The Most Common Mental Disorders
Neurasthenia occurs due to exhaustion of the nervous system in the case of long-term mental overloading. Citizens of metropolis usually work hard, don’t get enough sleep and rest, and regularly experience stresses.
2. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
People living in large cities are at a high risk of chronic fatigue syndrome. It’s not difficult to get this syndrome: excessive emotional and intellectual workload, stresses, irregular working hours, sleep disorders, and imbalanced diet.
Anxiety is caused by a huge number of irritants of the nervous system. That is constant noises, smells, light, crowds of people that negatively affect our body. Stress leads to sleep disorders, impaired appetite, sudden bursts of anger, gloomy thoughts, and headaches.
Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It’s provoked by frequent stresses, overloading, loneliness, and lack of emotional contact.
Depression is the most common disorder which occurs in citizens of metropolises. Many people suffer from depression but usually, they are sure that this is just usual stress or lack of sleep. Depression can be caused by long term chronic fatigue and anxiety disorders
6. Panic Disorder
This disease is similar to anxiety disorders. Panic attacks are characterized by shortness of breath, shaking, sweating, numbness or feeling that something terrible is going to happen. Panic disorder can be provoked by lack of sleep, constant stresses, exhaustion, and consumption of a big number of drinks containing caffeine.
7. Acute psychosis
Psychosis is a severe disorder caused by a seriously damaged mental state. There are a lot of reasons for the occurrence of this disease. But constant stresses provoke earlier development of psychosis and exacerbate it.
How to recognize you need immediately visit a doctor?
Physiological signs include dry mouth; sweating; loss of appetite or overeating; diarrhea or prolonged constipation, which actually leads to hemorrhoids; insomnia; muscle cramps, pain in the joints or back, increased blood pressure, heartache.
Emotional signs: mood swings, apathy, depression, anxiety, despair, the feeling of guiltiness.
Behavioral signs: voluntary self-isolation, unwillingness to contact with relatives and friends; сonstant attempts to draw attention to yourself and your problems; loss of interest in life, carelessness, and unwillingness to take care of yourself; constant discontent, excessive demands, and high criticality, conflict; passivity, unprofessional and poor-quality doing any job.
How to Prevent Mental Disorders
1. Improve your sleep. Healthy sleep helps our body recover. You need to sleep at least 7-8 hours. Try to go to bed half an hour earlier.
2. Do sports. You can run or walk in the mornings or evenings before going to bed. Also, you can try yoga. But if you don’t have time and strength, just spend more time in the open air.
3. Change your lifestyle. Take an unplanned vacation and just let your body and mind relax. Travel, explore new countries, new cultures, meet new people, taste new cuisines, make awesome shots, jump with a parachute, go camping, and just enjoy your life. Don’t put it off till the next vacation.
4. Try meditation. Meditation, relaxing techniques, and aromatherapy are a good way to relieve stress, tension, and anxiety.
5. Communicate with your close and loved people more. Don’t hide your feelings, talk with them about your mood. Don’t keep negative emotions to yourself.
6. Don’t go on a diet, even if you think you need to lose weight. Take care about your nutrition, make it full, and qualitative. Eat more fruit and vegetables, forget about fast food and unnecessary snacks. Give your body what it needs.
7. Learn to cope with stress. Analyze the situation, change your position on it, get rid of negative emotions, don’t keep them to yourself.
8. Get more emotions. Find a new hobby, taste new dishes, and products, meet new people, read books, spend a lot of time with your friends in the open air.